Taiwan Perspectives is a series of conferences focusing on Taiwan society. Through the various presentations from researchers and players in Taiwan studies, the conferences aim to shed light on critical contemporary issues in Taiwan. This series of conferences, organized in parallel to the “Taiwan and its memory spaces” seminar, is open to any person wishing to learn more about Taiwanese society in all its diversity.
Cross-Strait Relations in the 21st Century: Dilemma Prosperity and Self-Reliance
Monday 13 December 2021
17h00-18h30, Room AS1-08, EHESS, 54 Bd Raspail - 75006 Paris
Yasuhiro Matsuda – Professor of International Politics, University of Tokyo
Juliette Genevaz – Senior Lecturer, University Lyon 3
Summary of the talk:
Taiwan is facing great difficulties in the management of its relations with Mainland China, which are a matter of life or death for Taiwan, because of the rise of China as a result of its high economic growth. So long as China proceeds with its strategy of promoting political unification based on Taiwan’s economic dependence while Taiwan pursues economic prosperity, Taiwan will be compelled to deepen economic relations with China at the sacrifice of its political independence. Conversely, if Taiwan seeks to maintain its political independence, it must hold economic relations with China in check at the sacrifice of its prosperity. This is the “dilemma of choosing between prosperity and self-reliance” faced by Taiwan.
- MATSUDA Yasuhiro, The Taiwan Policy of the Xi Jinping Administration in its Second Term: An Outlook on Cross-Strait Relations in the “New Era”, Project of the Kajima Institute of International Peace, Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies.
- MATSUDA Yasuhiro, Normalized Tensions in the Cross-Strait Relations — Structural Changes in Taiwanese Society and the Xi Jinping Administration’s Strategic Shift —, Society of Security and Diplomatic Policy Studies.
In Search of a Chinese National Identity: Implementation and Use of the Concept of Zhonghua Minzu 中華民族
Monday 17 February 2020
18h30-20h, Room 7-51, EHESS, 54 Bd Raspail - 75006 Paris
Félix Jun Ma – Senior Lecturer, Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3 University
The presentation takes as its subject the question of how the modern Chinese identity was constructed. At the end of the Qing, the military defeats of the Chinese empire at the hands of the Western nations and Japan brought about the collapse of the Sinocentric vision. This fundamental transformation forced China to build a nation-state comprising a political reassessment based on the collective identity of the nation. When the term zhonghua minzu (“Chinese nation” or “Chinese nationality”) was coined, it was primarily in reference to the Japanese concept of zokumin 族民, which emphasizes the historical and cultural factors on which the nation is based, but it is also in contrast to the notion of zhongzu 種族 (“race”), which distinguishes peoples on the basis of primarily physical characteristics. The concept was also redefined to bring together the various ethnic groups living on Chinese territory, that is, the Han Chinese, the Muslim Hui, Mongols, Tibetans, etc. Its use became widespread and was a genuine popular success, first during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and then under the Communist regime. In mainland China, the notion of zhonghua minzu is also promoted by Beijing with the idea of incorporating the Taiwanese into the Chinese nation under the banner of national reunification. In Taiwan, on the other hand, while the Kuomintang tried to strengthen this Chinese identity so dear to the people during the era of Chiang Kai-shek and Chiang Ching-kuo, this “orthodox” vision is now being challenged by the Progressive Democratic Party, which defends a “distinctly Taiwanese” identity. Thus, the many uses made of the concept of zhonghua minzu are just as problematic as its creation.
以融合重塑认同——两岸认同矛盾下大陆对台 《同等待遇》 融合路径与效果初探
Thursday 13 June 2019
17h00-18h30, Room A5-51, EHESS, 54 Bd Raspail - 75006 Paris
郑振清 (Zheng Zhengqin) – 清华大学台湾研究院 (Tsinghua University Research Center on Taiwan, Beijing)
Guest Speaker : Xiaohong Xiao-Planes (Inalco)
Nation, Migration, Identity: Learning from the Cross-Strait Context
Jeudi 14 mars 2019
18h00-19h30, Salle A7-37, EHESS, 54 Bd Raspail - 75006 Paris
Lara Momesso – Lecturer, University of Central Lancashire
Representing a non-recognized State: the job of a Taiwanese diplomat
Tuesday 29 January 2019
17h00-18h30, Room A7-37, EHESS, 54 Bd Raspail - 75006 Paris
Françoise Mengin – Senior Researcher, Sciences Po
Memorial service and transitional justice
Monday 17 december 2018
17h15-20h, Room 1, EHESS, 105 Bd Raspail - 75006 Paris
Wang Huei-min (王惠民) – Doctor of Political Science at Tamkang University, 淡江大學政治學博士
Commemoration and remembrance of “those who died for their country”: its place in preservation policy of historical and cultural heritage in Taiwan.
(Presentation in Chinese with French translation)
Lee Suen-cheng (李鎨澂) – Researcher at the National Policy Foundation, 國家政策研究基金會研究員
Transitional justice policy and its impact on the evolution of historical memory in Taiwan.
(Presentation in French)
Taiwan studies and cross-strait youth exchanges
Friday 9 November 2018
Zhang Baorong (张宝蓉)
Chen Chao (陈超)
Xiao Rikui (萧日葵)
Taiwan Research Institute of Xiamen University (厦门大学台湾研究院)